OSGi Blueprint visualization

What is blueprint?Blueprint is a dependency injection framework for OSGi bundles. It could be written by hand or generated using Blueprint Maven Plugin. Blueprint file is only an XML describing beans, services and references. Each OSGi bundle could hav…

What is blueprint?

Blueprint is a dependency injection framework for OSGi bundles. It could be written by hand or generated using Blueprint Maven Plugin. Blueprint file is only an XML describing beans, services and references. Each OSGi bundle could have one or more blueprint files.

Blueprint files represent architecture of our bundle. Let’s visualize it using groovy script and graphviz available in my github repository and analyze.

Example generation

Pre: All you need is groovy and graphviz installed on your OS

I am working mostly with bundles with generated blueprint, so I will use blueprint file generated from Blueprint Maven Plugin tests as example. All examples are included in github repository.

Generation could be invoked by running run.sh script with given destination file prefix (png extension will be added to it) and path to blueprint file:

mkdir -p target

./run.sh target/fullBlueprint fullBlueprint.xml

Visualization is available here.

Separating domains

First if you look at the image, you see that some beans are grouped. You could easily extract such domains with tree roots: beanWithConfigurationProperties and beanWithCallbackMethods to separate blueprint files and bundles in future and generate images from them:

./run.sh target/beanWithCallbackMethods example/firstCut/beanWithCallbackMethods.xml
./run.sh target/beanWithConfigurationProperties example/firstCut/beanWithConfigurationProperties.xml
./run.sh target/otherStuff example/firstCut/otherStuff.xml

Now we have three, a bit cleaner, images: beanWithConfigurationProperties.png, beanWithCallbackMethods.png and otherStuff.png.

We also could generate image from more than one blueprint:

./run.sh target/joinFirstCut example/firstCut/otherStuff.xml example/firstCut/beanWithConfigurationProperties.xml example/firstCut/beanWithCallbackMethods.xml

And the result is here. The image contains beans grouped by file, but if you do not like it, you could force generation without such separation using option --no-group-by-file:

./run.sh target/joinFirstCutGrouped example/firstCut/otherStuff.xml example/firstCut/beanWithConfigurationProperties.xml example/firstCut/beanWithCallbackMethods.xml --no-group-by-file

It will generate image with all beans from all files.

Exclusion

Sometimes it is difficult to spot and extract other domains. It will be easier to do some experiments on blueprint. For example, bean my1 is a dependency for too many other beans. You could consider converting my1 bean to OSGi service and extracting it to another bundle.

Let’s exclude my1 bean from generation via -e option and see what happens:

./run.sh target/otherStuffWithoutMy example/firstCut/otherStuff.xml -e my1

Result is available here. Now we see, that tree with root bean myFactoryBeanAsService could be separated and my1 could be inject to it as osgi service in another bundle.

You could exclude more than one bean adding -e switch for each of them, e. g. -e my1 -e m2 -e myBean123.

Conclusion

Blueprint is great for dependency injection for OSGi bundles, but it is easy to create quite big context containing many domains. It is much easier to recognize or search for such domains using blueprint visualizer script.

 

YOUR CODE HRER
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Atom Feeds with Spring MVC

How to add feeds (Atom) to your web application with just two classes?
How about Spring MVC?

Here are my assumptions:
  • you are using Spring framework
  • you have some entity, say “News”, that you want to publish in your feeds
  • your "News" entity has creationDate, title, and shortDescription
  • you have some repository/dao, say "NewsRepository", that will return the news from your database
  • you want to write as little as possible
  • you don't want to format Atom (xml) by hand
You actually do NOT need to use Spring MVC in your application already. If you do, skip to step 3.


Step 1: add Spring MVC dependency to your application
With maven that will be:
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
    <version>3.1.0.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

Step 2: add Spring MVC DispatcherServlet
With web.xml that would be:
<servlet>
    <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/feed</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
Notice, I set the url-pattern to “/feed” which means I don't want Spring MVC to handle any other urls in my app (I'm using a different web framework for the rest of the app). I also give it a brand new contextConfigLocation, where only the mvc configuration is kept.

Remember that, when you add a DispatcherServlet to an app that already has Spring (from ContextLoaderListener for example), your context is inherited from the global one, so you should not create beans that exist there again, or include xml that defines them. Watch out for Spring context getting up twice, and refer to spring or servlet documentation to understand what's happaning.

Step 3. add ROME – a library to handle Atom format
With maven that is:
<dependency>
    <groupId>net.java.dev.rome</groupId>
    <artifactId>rome</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.0</version>
</dependency>

Step 4. write your very simple controller
@Controller
public class FeedController {
    static final String LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY = "lastUpdate";
    static final String NEWS_VIEW_KEY = "news";
    private NewsRepository newsRepository;
    private String viewName;

    protected FeedController() {} //required by cglib

    public FeedController(NewsRepository newsRepository, String viewName) {
        notNull(newsRepository); hasText(viewName);
        this.newsRepository = newsRepository;
        this.viewName = viewName;
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/feed", method = RequestMethod.GET)        
    @Transactional
    public ModelAndView feed() {
        ModelAndView modelAndView = new ModelAndView();
        modelAndView.setViewName(viewName);
        List<News> news = newsRepository.fetchPublished();
        modelAndView.addObject(NEWS_VIEW_KEY, news);
        modelAndView.addObject(LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY, getCreationDateOfTheLast(news));
        return modelAndView;
    }

    private Date getCreationDateOfTheLast(List<News> news) {
        if(news.size() > 0) {
            return news.get(0).getCreationDate();
        }
        return new Date(0);
    }
}
And here's a test for it, in case you want to copy&paste (who doesn't?):
@RunWith(MockitoJUnitRunner.class)
public class FeedControllerShould {
    @Mock private NewsRepository newsRepository;
    private Date FORMER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE = new Date(1);
    private Date LATTER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE = new Date(2);
    private ArrayList<News> newsList;
    private FeedController feedController;

    @Before
    public void prepareNewsList() {
        News news1 = new News().title("title1").creationDate(FORMER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE);
        News news2 = new News().title("title2").creationDate(LATTER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE);
        newsList = newArrayList(news2, news1);
    }

    @Before
    public void prepareFeedController() {
        feedController = new FeedController(newsRepository, "viewName");
    }

    @Test
    public void returnViewWithNews() {
        //given
        given(newsRepository.fetchPublished()).willReturn(newsList);
        
        //when
        ModelAndView modelAndView = feedController.feed();
        
        //then
        assertThat(modelAndView.getModel())
                .includes(entry(FeedController.NEWS_VIEW_KEY, newsList));
    }

    @Test
    public void returnViewWithLastUpdateTime() {
        //given
        given(newsRepository.fetchPublished()).willReturn(newsList);

        //when
        ModelAndView modelAndView = feedController.feed();

        //then
        assertThat(modelAndView.getModel())
                .includes(entry(FeedController.LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY, LATTER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE));
    }

    @Test
    public void returnTheBeginningOfTimeAsLastUpdateInViewWhenListIsEmpty() {
        //given
        given(newsRepository.fetchPublished()).willReturn(new ArrayList<News>());

        //when
        ModelAndView modelAndView = feedController.feed();

        //then
        assertThat(modelAndView.getModel())
                .includes(entry(FeedController.LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY, new Date(0)));
    }
}
Notice: here, I'm using fest-assert and mockito. The dependencies are:
<dependency>
 <groupId>org.easytesting</groupId>
 <artifactId>fest-assert</artifactId>
 <version>1.4</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
 <groupId>org.mockito</groupId>
 <artifactId>mockito-all</artifactId>
 <version>1.8.5</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

Step 5. write your very simple view
Here's where all the magic formatting happens. Be sure to take a look at all the methods of Entry class, as there is quite a lot you may want to use/fill.
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.feed.AbstractAtomFeedView;
[...]

public class AtomFeedView extends AbstractAtomFeedView {
    private String feedId = "tag:yourFantastiSiteName";
    private String title = "yourFantastiSiteName: news";
    private String newsAbsoluteUrl = "http://yourfanstasticsiteUrl.com/news/"; 

    @Override
    protected void buildFeedMetadata(Map<String, Object> model, Feed feed, HttpServletRequest request) {
        feed.setId(feedId);
        feed.setTitle(title);
        setUpdatedIfNeeded(model, feed);
    }

    private void setUpdatedIfNeeded(Map<String, Object> model, Feed feed) {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        Date lastUpdate = (Date)model.get(FeedController.LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY);
        if (feed.getUpdated() == null || lastUpdate != null || lastUpdate.compareTo(feed.getUpdated()) > 0) {
            feed.setUpdated(lastUpdate);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected List<Entry> buildFeedEntries(Map<String, Object> model, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        List<News> newsList = (List<News>)model.get(FeedController.NEWS_VIEW_KEY);
        List<Entry> entries = new ArrayList<Entry>();
        for (News news : newsList) {
            addEntry(entries, news);
        }
        return entries;
    }

    private void addEntry(List<Entry> entries, News news) {
        Entry entry = new Entry();
        entry.setId(feedId + ", " + news.getId());
        entry.setTitle(news.getTitle());
        entry.setUpdated(news.getCreationDate());
        entry = setSummary(news, entry);
        entry = setLink(news, entry);
        entries.add(entry);
    }

    private Entry setSummary(News news, Entry entry) {
        Content summary = new Content();
        summary.setValue(news.getShortDescription());
        entry.setSummary(summary);
        return entry;
    }

    private Entry setLink(News news, Entry entry) {
        Link link = new Link();
        link.setType("text/html");
        link.setHref(newsAbsoluteUrl + news.getId()); //because I have a different controller to show news at http://yourfanstasticsiteUrl.com/news/ID
        entry.setAlternateLinks(newArrayList(link));
        return entry;
    }

}

Step 6. add your classes to your Spring context
I'm using xml approach. because I'm old and I love xml. No, seriously, I use xml because I may want to declare FeedController a few times with different views (RSS 1.0, RSS 2.0, etc.).

So this is the forementioned spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.ContentNegotiatingViewResolver">
        <property name="mediaTypes">
            <map>
                <entry key="atom" value="application/atom+xml"/>
                <entry key="html" value="text/html"/>
            </map>
        </property>
        <property name="viewResolvers">
            <list>
                <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.BeanNameViewResolver"/>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <bean class="eu.margiel.pages.confitura.feed.FeedController">
        <constructor-arg index="0" ref="newsRepository"/>
        <constructor-arg index="1" value="atomFeedView"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="atomFeedView" class="eu.margiel.pages.confitura.feed.AtomFeedView"/>
</beans>

And you are done.

I've been asked a few times before to put all the working code in some public repo, so this time it's the other way around. I've describe things that I had already published, and you can grab the commit from the bitbucket.

Hope that helps.

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