Visualizing GIS data in JavaFX 2.0 beta using GeoTools

Geographic data mostly comprises of polygon coordinates sets along with attributes, like country or city name, etc. This is quite easy to visualize in JavaFX, which supports rendering for SVG paths. In the article, I show how to read such GIS data from…Geographic data mostly comprises of polygon coordinates sets along with attributes, like country or city name, etc. This is quite easy to visualize in JavaFX, which supports rendering for SVG paths. In the article, I show how to read such GIS data from…

Geographic data mostly comprises of polygon coordinates sets along with attributes, like country or city name, etc. This is quite easy to visualize in JavaFX, which supports rendering for SVG paths.
In the article, I show how to read such GIS data from ESRI type database files using open source library GeoTools.
The data itself comes for free from www.naturalearthdata.com.
Sample code can be found here:Browse on GitHub.

GIS data usually comes in form of SHP and DBF files. In order to read it, we use GeoTools parser. Following code iterates over so called “features” from within data filesand retrieves name attribute and shape geometry.

Next, we need to create JavaFX polygons for each feature from iteration. Small note here. Each feature may comprise of multiple polygons. For example “United States” shape may contain separate polygon for Alaska. So we need additional loop to generate such polygons.
In order to create a polygon in JavaFX, we use Path class along with MoveTo and LineTo path elements. Following snippet does the job.

The remaining part is to implement zoom and panning functionality. This is fairly easyin JavaFX. We can use translate and scale properties from main Group shape. Panning functionality is handled using following snippet:

Zoom is coded this way:

That’s it. Now we have basic GIS data viewer in JavaFX 2.

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Atom Feeds with Spring MVC

How to add feeds (Atom) to your web application with just two classes?
How about Spring MVC?

Here are my assumptions:
  • you are using Spring framework
  • you have some entity, say “News”, that you want to publish in your feeds
  • your "News" entity has creationDate, title, and shortDescription
  • you have some repository/dao, say "NewsRepository", that will return the news from your database
  • you want to write as little as possible
  • you don't want to format Atom (xml) by hand
You actually do NOT need to use Spring MVC in your application already. If you do, skip to step 3.


Step 1: add Spring MVC dependency to your application
With maven that will be:
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
    <version>3.1.0.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

Step 2: add Spring MVC DispatcherServlet
With web.xml that would be:
<servlet>
    <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/feed</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
Notice, I set the url-pattern to “/feed” which means I don't want Spring MVC to handle any other urls in my app (I'm using a different web framework for the rest of the app). I also give it a brand new contextConfigLocation, where only the mvc configuration is kept.

Remember that, when you add a DispatcherServlet to an app that already has Spring (from ContextLoaderListener for example), your context is inherited from the global one, so you should not create beans that exist there again, or include xml that defines them. Watch out for Spring context getting up twice, and refer to spring or servlet documentation to understand what's happaning.

Step 3. add ROME – a library to handle Atom format
With maven that is:
<dependency>
    <groupId>net.java.dev.rome</groupId>
    <artifactId>rome</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.0</version>
</dependency>

Step 4. write your very simple controller
@Controller
public class FeedController {
    static final String LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY = "lastUpdate";
    static final String NEWS_VIEW_KEY = "news";
    private NewsRepository newsRepository;
    private String viewName;

    protected FeedController() {} //required by cglib

    public FeedController(NewsRepository newsRepository, String viewName) {
        notNull(newsRepository); hasText(viewName);
        this.newsRepository = newsRepository;
        this.viewName = viewName;
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/feed", method = RequestMethod.GET)        
    @Transactional
    public ModelAndView feed() {
        ModelAndView modelAndView = new ModelAndView();
        modelAndView.setViewName(viewName);
        List<News> news = newsRepository.fetchPublished();
        modelAndView.addObject(NEWS_VIEW_KEY, news);
        modelAndView.addObject(LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY, getCreationDateOfTheLast(news));
        return modelAndView;
    }

    private Date getCreationDateOfTheLast(List<News> news) {
        if(news.size() > 0) {
            return news.get(0).getCreationDate();
        }
        return new Date(0);
    }
}
And here's a test for it, in case you want to copy&paste (who doesn't?):
@RunWith(MockitoJUnitRunner.class)
public class FeedControllerShould {
    @Mock private NewsRepository newsRepository;
    private Date FORMER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE = new Date(1);
    private Date LATTER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE = new Date(2);
    private ArrayList<News> newsList;
    private FeedController feedController;

    @Before
    public void prepareNewsList() {
        News news1 = new News().title("title1").creationDate(FORMER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE);
        News news2 = new News().title("title2").creationDate(LATTER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE);
        newsList = newArrayList(news2, news1);
    }

    @Before
    public void prepareFeedController() {
        feedController = new FeedController(newsRepository, "viewName");
    }

    @Test
    public void returnViewWithNews() {
        //given
        given(newsRepository.fetchPublished()).willReturn(newsList);
        
        //when
        ModelAndView modelAndView = feedController.feed();
        
        //then
        assertThat(modelAndView.getModel())
                .includes(entry(FeedController.NEWS_VIEW_KEY, newsList));
    }

    @Test
    public void returnViewWithLastUpdateTime() {
        //given
        given(newsRepository.fetchPublished()).willReturn(newsList);

        //when
        ModelAndView modelAndView = feedController.feed();

        //then
        assertThat(modelAndView.getModel())
                .includes(entry(FeedController.LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY, LATTER_ENTRY_CREATION_DATE));
    }

    @Test
    public void returnTheBeginningOfTimeAsLastUpdateInViewWhenListIsEmpty() {
        //given
        given(newsRepository.fetchPublished()).willReturn(new ArrayList<News>());

        //when
        ModelAndView modelAndView = feedController.feed();

        //then
        assertThat(modelAndView.getModel())
                .includes(entry(FeedController.LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY, new Date(0)));
    }
}
Notice: here, I'm using fest-assert and mockito. The dependencies are:
<dependency>
 <groupId>org.easytesting</groupId>
 <artifactId>fest-assert</artifactId>
 <version>1.4</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
 <groupId>org.mockito</groupId>
 <artifactId>mockito-all</artifactId>
 <version>1.8.5</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

Step 5. write your very simple view
Here's where all the magic formatting happens. Be sure to take a look at all the methods of Entry class, as there is quite a lot you may want to use/fill.
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.feed.AbstractAtomFeedView;
[...]

public class AtomFeedView extends AbstractAtomFeedView {
    private String feedId = "tag:yourFantastiSiteName";
    private String title = "yourFantastiSiteName: news";
    private String newsAbsoluteUrl = "http://yourfanstasticsiteUrl.com/news/"; 

    @Override
    protected void buildFeedMetadata(Map<String, Object> model, Feed feed, HttpServletRequest request) {
        feed.setId(feedId);
        feed.setTitle(title);
        setUpdatedIfNeeded(model, feed);
    }

    private void setUpdatedIfNeeded(Map<String, Object> model, Feed feed) {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        Date lastUpdate = (Date)model.get(FeedController.LAST_UPDATE_VIEW_KEY);
        if (feed.getUpdated() == null || lastUpdate != null || lastUpdate.compareTo(feed.getUpdated()) > 0) {
            feed.setUpdated(lastUpdate);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected List<Entry> buildFeedEntries(Map<String, Object> model, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        List<News> newsList = (List<News>)model.get(FeedController.NEWS_VIEW_KEY);
        List<Entry> entries = new ArrayList<Entry>();
        for (News news : newsList) {
            addEntry(entries, news);
        }
        return entries;
    }

    private void addEntry(List<Entry> entries, News news) {
        Entry entry = new Entry();
        entry.setId(feedId + ", " + news.getId());
        entry.setTitle(news.getTitle());
        entry.setUpdated(news.getCreationDate());
        entry = setSummary(news, entry);
        entry = setLink(news, entry);
        entries.add(entry);
    }

    private Entry setSummary(News news, Entry entry) {
        Content summary = new Content();
        summary.setValue(news.getShortDescription());
        entry.setSummary(summary);
        return entry;
    }

    private Entry setLink(News news, Entry entry) {
        Link link = new Link();
        link.setType("text/html");
        link.setHref(newsAbsoluteUrl + news.getId()); //because I have a different controller to show news at http://yourfanstasticsiteUrl.com/news/ID
        entry.setAlternateLinks(newArrayList(link));
        return entry;
    }

}

Step 6. add your classes to your Spring context
I'm using xml approach. because I'm old and I love xml. No, seriously, I use xml because I may want to declare FeedController a few times with different views (RSS 1.0, RSS 2.0, etc.).

So this is the forementioned spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.ContentNegotiatingViewResolver">
        <property name="mediaTypes">
            <map>
                <entry key="atom" value="application/atom+xml"/>
                <entry key="html" value="text/html"/>
            </map>
        </property>
        <property name="viewResolvers">
            <list>
                <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.BeanNameViewResolver"/>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <bean class="eu.margiel.pages.confitura.feed.FeedController">
        <constructor-arg index="0" ref="newsRepository"/>
        <constructor-arg index="1" value="atomFeedView"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="atomFeedView" class="eu.margiel.pages.confitura.feed.AtomFeedView"/>
</beans>

And you are done.

I've been asked a few times before to put all the working code in some public repo, so this time it's the other way around. I've describe things that I had already published, and you can grab the commit from the bitbucket.

Hope that helps.